“The Dahlak Islands or the Dahlak Archipelago is a series of islands which are approximately miles long, situated 12-18 degree North, within the Red Sea.”
The nearest islands are not distant from Massawa, from where they can be accessed easily. The temperature of the islands differs from as low as 25 degrees Celsius between Nov and April to as high as 45 degrees Celsius between Jun and Sep.
Why is the Dahlak Islands Famous?
The Dahlak Archipelago islands are renowned for the integral coral reefs, especially the Outer Islands, made from the fossilized coral that raised because of the seismic activity during the Late Pleistocene. In this region, marine life is superb. In 1960, when the enormous reefs around the globe became swamped with the scuba divers and snorkelers, because of the political instability and geographical location in this area of the Red Sea, the Dahlak Archipelago to the day remains unspoiled.
The Temperature of the Area
According to the Great Barrier Reef, it is assumed that the temperature of water in the Red Sea is always more than the algae that are living in the corals. It means that while the reefs are not immune to bleaching completely, they have gone a little of that of the other main beaches, leaving them unharmed.
The Red Sea has included a time of geographic isolation from the enormous bodies of the ocean; there is an increased rate of endemism, with approximately 17% of fish and 6% of corals being prevalent.
The bird species are about 109 in number. The regions across the archipelago are the comfort zone to the endangered dolphins and dugong are quite common. The most significant island, Dahlak Kebir, is the home to the stunted form of the gazelle of Soemmerring.
How to Go and What to Do?
From the Massawa city, it is easy to hire a boat for traveling around or visiting the Dahlak Archipelago (such as the traditional boat for fishing, Sambuchi). Out of 209 islands has a population of 2,500 people, only ten are populated, who set the current lifestyle of camels, herding goats, and fishing. The amazing culture of the people living there and the striking perfect beaches, the islands are the best places for diving underwater, apart from the Semite ruins, notably on Isratu, Nora, and Shumma for Dissei, Madote, and bottle divers for the others. To the Southside, Assab has a lot of beaches where you can go swimming.
Some of the islands of Eritrea are from the Dahlak archipelago with an excellent chance for pearl fishing, scuba diving, and yacht cruising. You can hire the charter yachts from Massawa. The uninhabited and isolated Islands of Dahlak Islands and the high grounds surrounding them, are the point of attraction for the nesting sea birds present all around the Red Sea.
A few islands have shores that are lined with the saltbush or mangrove trees. The submerged coral reefs or shoals, an incredible marine life (sharks, dolphins, species of turtle, dugongs, fish, hermit crabs, shellfish, or mollusks), pumice stones and shipwrecks made from the volcanoes makes the Red Sea a memorable experience of diving.