The Red Sea (Dahlak Archipelago) is one of the richest, cleanest, and most beautiful oceans and the real wealth of Eritrea. The waters of the Red Sea are very narrow and cover a wide range. It has almost no contact with other oceans, so it is very characteristic, very salty, and the water is the natural habitat of large numbers of endemic fish and corals, which makes them attractive to divers and fishermen, although research is still ongoing on the most popular species are of course barracudas, manta rays and sharks.
The Dahlak Islands or the Dahlak Archipelago is a series of islands which are approximately miles long, situated 12-18 degree North, within the Red Sea.
The nearest islands are not distant from Massawa, from where they can be accessed easily. The temperature of the islands differs from as low as 25 degrees Celsius between Nov and April to as high as 45 degrees Celsius between Jun and Sep.
Why is the Dahlak Archipelago Famous?
The Red Sea is one of the richest, most unpolluted, and most beautiful oceans, and it is Eritrea’s true wealth. The waters of the Red Sea are very narrow and cover a wide range. It has almost no contact with other oceans, so it is very distinctive. It is very salty and the water is a natural habitat for a large number of endemic fish and corals, which makes them attractive to divers and fishermen. Although research is still ongoing, the most popular species are barracuda, manta rays, and sharks. The incomplete Red Sea is considered home to 1000 species of fish, as well as many corals, clams or shellfish, sea turtles, and the famous dugong.
The Dahlak Islands, once famous for their pearl divers, are scattered over 15,000 square kilometers of the Red Sea. Many are within easy reach of Massawa, which has excellent waters for snorkeling. There are more than 350 islands in Eritrean waters, but many are small and a full study is still awaited on many islands.
Only 15 islands have land areas greater than square kilometers and these are the easiest to visit. In addition to a roaming resting place, feeding swarms of sardines and anchovies in the Red Sea is a great attraction for ornithologists. More than 109 species have been recorded, including pelicans, herons, storks, and flamingos, as well as orioles, dragons, and vultures, although the research is still ongoing.
The Temperature of the Area
According to the Great Barrier Reef, it is assumed that the temperature of water in the Red Sea is always more than the algae that are living in the corals. It means that while the reefs are not immune to bleaching completely, they have gone a little of that of the other main beaches, leaving them unharmed.
The Red Sea has included a time of geographic isolation from the enormous bodies of the ocean; there is an increased rate of endemism, with approximately 17% of fish and 6% of corals being prevalent.
A few islands have shores that are lined with saltbush or mangrove trees. The submerged coral reefs or shoals, incredible marine life (sharks, dolphins, species of turtle, dugongs, fish, hermit crabs, shellfish, or mollusks), pumice stones, and shipwrecks made from the volcanoes makes the Red Sea a memorable experience of diving. Dahlak Archipelago
Bird Species in Dahlak Archipelago
The bird species are about 109 in number. The regions across the archipelago are the comfort zone to the endangered dolphins and dugong are quite common. The most significant island, Dahlak Kebir, is the home to the stunted form of the gazelle of Soemmerring.
How to Go and What to Do?
From the Massawa city, it is easy to hire a boat for traveling around or visiting the Dahlak Archipelago (such as the traditional boat for fishing, Sambuchi). Out of 209 islands has a population of 2,500 people, only ten are populated, who set the current lifestyle of camels, herding goats, and fishing. With the amazing culture of the people living there and the striking perfect beaches, the islands are the best places for diving underwater, apart from the Semite ruins, notably on Isratu, Nora, and Shumma for Dissei, Madote, and bottle divers for the others. To the Southside, Assab has a lot of beaches where you can go swimming.
Some islands of Eritrea are from the Dahlak archipelago with an excellent chance for pearl fishing, scuba diving, and yacht cruising. You can hire the charter yachts from Massawa. The uninhabited and isolated Islands of Dahlak Islands and the high grounds surrounding them, are the point of attraction for the nesting seabirds present all around the Red Sea.