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The Pearl Of The Red Sea – Massawa

The name alone evokes a sense of mystery and hidden joy. Massawa! The City of Islands and the Pearl of the Red Sea, a city that for centuries has been one of the most important ports in the region, and more recently in Italy. The name itself evokes an atmosphere of mysticism and hidden fun!

The city of islands and the pearl of the Red Sea, a city that for centuries was one of the most important ports in the region, and more recently the Italian capital of Eritrea, a town whose charm was influenced by the period of previous centuries by the Portuguese, Arabs, Turks, Egyptians, British, Italians and, above all, the Eritreans themselves.

Massawas development

Massawa has become a recognized center for wisdom and artistic excellence, which is reflected in the city’s architecture. New ideas were brought to life by many different nationalities until the British, determined to end the growing French influence in the region, captured Eritrea from the Egyptians in 1882 and then ceded the territory to the Italians in 1885. After years of hard work and true value, the railway is back in working order.

Massawa was the capital, a city with the charm of the Portuguese, Arabs, Turks, Egyptians, British, Italians, and, above all, the original Arabian Peninsula that has influenced for centuries. Massawa has become a recognized center of intellectual and artistic life. Craftsmanship is reflected in the architecture of the city. New ideas were developed over the years by many different nationalities until the British decided to stop growing.

The Pearl Of The Red Sea, Massawa Haile Selassie old palace -3 Days Tour Asmara - things to see and do in Eritrea
Massawa – The Pearl Of The Red Sea

French influence in the area took Eritrea from the Egyptians in 1882. It gave the Italians territory in 1885, where the Italian colony was in its infancy until a permanent capital was established at Asmara.
Ara in 1887 To get new money from Massawa, the Italians used the world’s longest cable car for the first time to bring them from the coastal port to a depth of 2500 m.

It becomes unrealistic. In 1922, the railway faced technical difficulties due to a cliff between the port and the capital, reaching Asmara. For nearly half a century, railways have transported goods and people through Eritrea. Hourly from Massawa to Asmara at an average speed of 19 km / h to the dam.

This network opened up new markets for agricultural products, and cities such as Nefasit, Keren, and Agordat flourished; Massawa is flourishing more than ever: Until the 1960s, Massawa was the most famous, safe, and profitable port on the East African coast during the wars that have ravaged Eritrea since the British slowly dismantled it. In 1993, skilled railroad workers were hired to repair old railway locomotives and equipment and reload tracks, starting in Massawa.

Eritrea travel agency


After years of hard work and real value, the railway is back online. With its low white houses, hedges, and domes, Massawa has an Arabic flavor that reflects its centuries-old connection to Arabia via the Red Sea. Massawa’s natural deep harbor and proximity to the mouth of the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean have long made it a target for foreign powers.

It was occupied by the Portuguese, Arabs, Egyptians, and Turks; In 1885, he almost passed on to the Italians. The Massawa trade flourished throughout these trades, from slaves, bells, giraffes, and agarwood to ostriches and myrrh that passed through this port. Its buildings reflect the history of its occupation. Occupying the city for nearly 300 years, it has had the most significant influence on architecture