Eritreauntil 1941 has been an Italian colony. Before 1941, an individual could observe that the Egyptian and Turkish affects inthe country. Eritreais a historical mix of these unique ethnicities and hence has too much to offer in-terms of architecture and culture. To not say that experience seekers could have a ball in this particular place. It’s the ranked 5th inthe many attractivetouristdestination inAfrica. Eritreais boundary lined with the Red Sea inthe north east and west.
Tourists’ attractions in Eritrea have started attracting tourists from across the world. Travel to Eritrea has not been very easy previously. More recently, by the government’s efforts and Eritrea’s increasing popularity among the tourists for its natural beauty, cultural and archeological sites, more and more international airlines have started their flight services.
So, what are the major tourist attractions in Eritrea that the country is fast becoming a popular tourist destination? It is simply because Eritrea has too many diverse attractions, ranging from its unique fauna and flora, sea life, beautiful Archipelago formation, still functional remains of colonial-era buildings, and above all, to its extremely rich archeological sites like Adulis and Qohaito
Asmara was the center of Italy’s East African Empire. After Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia in1935, Asmara turned into a boomtown and transformed to one of their very modern cities inAfrica. To day, it seems such as a city lost in-time and owning the maximum immersion & most complete group of Modernist design inthe planet.
This beautiful and pleasant capital of Eritrea is described as “A city above the clouds.” Asmara hosts most of the tourist attractions in Eritrea. The famous buildings such as Fiat Tagliero Building, Cinema Asmara (or the old Opera House), St. Mary’s Coptic Cathedral, Al Khulafa al Rashedin, and many more are a beautiful blend of western, African, and Islamic style of construction.
In 2017, the city was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its well-preserved modernist architecture.
The name evokes mysticism and hidden joys. Massawa! The City of Islands and the “Pearl of the Red Sea”, a city that has been one of the most important ports in the region for centuries and, more recently, was the Italian capital of Eritrea, a city whose charm has been influenced in recent centuries by the Portuguese, the Arabs, the Turks, the Egyptians, the British, the Italians and above all the Eritreans.
The development of Massawa was originally influenced by the Arabian Peninsula, which has become a recognized center of intellectual and artistic skill. This is reflected in the architecture of the city. Determined to end the growing French influence in the region, the “snatched” Eritrea from the Egyptians in 1882 and “ceded” the territory to the Italians in 1885.
Massawa thus became the seat of the Italian embryonic colony until the permanent capital was established in Asmara in 1887. To supply their new capital from Massawa, the Italians first used a cable car, the longest in the world, to transport supplies from the port on the coast down to a depth of 2500 m.
The population of the new capitals exploded, but this became impractical and a railway line was installed, the construction of which was fraught with technical difficulties due to the embankment between the port and the capital and finally reached Asmara in 1922. For almost half a century, the railroad carried goods and people through Eritrea and took 6 hours from Massawa to Asmara at an average speed of 19 km / h to the embankment.
The line opened new markets for agricultural products, and cities like Nefasit, Keren, and Agordat flourished. As such, Massawa thrived like never before. Until the 1960s, Massawa was by far the largest, safest, and most lucrative port on the East African coast. During the wars that have ravaged Eritrea since then, the railroad was gradually dismantled by the British. Starting in 1993, skilled rail workers were hired to repair old locomotives and rail equipment, and they began re-transferring the tracks from Massawa. After years of hard work and real determination, the railroad is now back to work.
Massawa is a significant tourist centre whose architecture shows both Italian and Arab influence.
The ancient port and archeological sites of Adulis make Eritrea the most popular country for archeologists. Adulis is 59 kilometers south of the modern sea-port Massawa. The ancient port of Adulis, in the 3rd century A.D, was one of the busiest ports linking the Greek, Roman, Byzantium Empires of the north to Africa, Arabia, India, and China in the east. Adulis is one of the most tourist attractions in Eritrea.
Zula is a small town near the archeological sites of Adulis. Adulis, the gulf of Zula, agricultural town of Foro, The Aligede River between two large Mountains, the mangroves on the coast are very popular tourist attractions in Zula.
Adulis was once the primary port of the Aksumite empire and a few impressive architectural remnants of this heritage remain.
The Dahlak Islands, appropriately an archipelago, are home to a number of places where you can have a pleasant vacation. Located in the Red Sea, the island is home to the majority of Eritrea’s population.
The place is ideal for water sports and activities like diving. Dahlak’s coastline has lush green mangroves and deep underwater coral reefs. Dahlak Kabir, the property’s largest island, is popular for pearl fishing.
The national park is located in the Dahlak Islands and is mainly surrounded by the Red Sea. This makes this place full of flora and fauna. It is home to exotic fish and aquatic animals and a wonderful nesting place for birds. Understand nature in the most authentic way. To sail to Khao Lak, you can choose a yacht that departs from the Massawa Islands. This place is also popular with diving and water sports enthusiasts and is one of the best attractions in Eritrea
The Dahlak Archipelago is populated by around 2500 people of the Tigre and Afar tribes living mostly as fishers on Dahlak Kebir (the largest island of the chain).
Dankalia occupies a large part of southern Eritrea and the northeastern lowlands of Ethiopia. The part of Dankalia, which is in Eritrea, consists of the narrow strip of land that extends south and is kissed by the sea for almost 500 km. Even the gentle breeze from the east.
The most majestic coast of the Red Sea barely stirs the thick, thick air that boils from the baked ground in relentless waves that burn the skin and choke the lungs. If the devil wanted to create hell on earth, Dankalia’s waste of hell would be his choice. But for the most intrepid travelers, this hostile landscape offers an unforgettable journey. It is the top attractions in Eritrea.
Eritrea travel is not just about visiting these places. It is also about learning an African culture that is not entirely African. The culture has influences from as far and as back in history as Roman, Greek, Byzantium, and Egyptian Empires of the ancient world.
The Arab influence from across the Red Sea also enriches the Eritrean culture. The Afar nomads, the Saho people still have in their roots the culture of those ancient humans who colonized and populated the whole world.